I am a big fan of cross rhythms which I would define as playing patterns that intentionally do not align uniformly with the beat divisions they are played on.
I know that sounds complicated but here is an example. Let’s say that you repeat a four note pattern on top of a triplet rhythm. Because the length of that pattern would be 1 and 1/3rd beats, the pattern ends up starting in different places inside a beat every time it is repeated. For example, the second time it is repeated, it starts on the 2nd third of beat 2. Doing this kind of thing creates a very interesting sound.
Still confused? Watch this video. (If you don’t see it below, click here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VbKdYVGRDEc)